Agate Chrysocolla Hematite Moissanite Pearl Tanzanite Brilliance Fluorescence
Alexandrite Chrysoprase Iolite Moonstone Pyrite Tiger’s Eye Carat Hardness Inc
Amber Citrine Ivory Mother Pearl Quartz Topaz Clarity Stability
Amethyst Coral Jade Mystic Topaz Rubies Tourmaline Color Inclusion
Ametrine Diamond Jasper Obsidian Sapphire Turquoise Cut Toughness
Aquamarine Emerald Kunzite Onyx Spinel Yellow Topaz Durability
Blue Topaz Feldspar Malachite Opal Star Sapphire Zircon Facet
Cats Eye Garnet Marcasite Peridot Sugilite  

Agate - The Colors, Shapes & Sizes

Agate is a beautiful mineral that occurs in an amazing variety of colors, shapes and patterns. Agate is a unique stone that is part of the quartz family. In fact, Agate is Chalcedony or in scientific terms SiO2, which is Silicone Dioxide.

Agate is extremely beautiful and most noted for its banded and multicolored schemes.  For instance, the bands on many Agate stones wrap around the stone like a tree’s rings in various colors.  These stones have been sought after since the beginning of time and through the ages man has given them mystical qualities such as making one invisible or protecting one from sickness.  Today, Agate comes in many different varieties on almost any type of jewelry piece.

Raw Agate is very ugly and dull.  It is important to note that all Agate must be polished to give it its beautiful qualities.  Most of the time raw Agate comes in round stones, most craftsmen will find the intricacies of each stone and draw out its true shape and beauty.

It is important to note that there are many types of Agate, in fact Agate types are created each year. They are mainly coined new terms for marketing purposes and can consist of the following names: Blue Lace Agate, Eye Agate, Irish Agate, Rainbow Agate and Snake Skin Agate, among many others.

These types of Agate are usually create into beautiful stones that are then placed on rings, as charms, bracelets, necklaces, brooches, dream catchers etc.  Agate is very strong, resists acid and is an excellent stone to work with when it comes to jewelry.  Agate is also used in beautiful mosaics and picture frames.


The Formation and Where Agate is Found

Agate is formed from mineral deposits and is considered by most to be a precious stone. It has been popular since the dawn of time and has been given magical and mystical qualities by many cultures. Agate is a variety of Chalcedony with is essentially quartz. Scientifically it is made of SiO2 (silicon dioxide). It relatively strong and has a glass type texture and luster.

Agate usually occurs in cavities that have formed from volcanoes (especially ancient lavas). Agates are known to have bands that come in many colors and resemble the rings of a tree. Scientists say that Agate is created when gas bubbles inside of cooling lava include saline water. These gas bubbles with saline water turn into a gel. Since there is salt in the water, it attacks the surrounding iron in the lava and creates bands. These bands are extremely intricate and beautiful. It should be noted that no two stones are the same, making each Agate stone unique and more precious. Agate comes in many different colors and usually in its raw state is dull and rough. In order for Agate to show its true beauty it must be polished.

Agate is found all around the world including the United States. According to Greek legend, Agate was found in the river Achates, which is now called the Drillo River, located in Sicily. However, there is evidence that Stone Age men used Agate more than 15,000 years ago. Today, you can easily find sources in the Western United States, Mexico, Germany, Italy, Brazil, China, India, Africa, etc.

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