Amber is not a stone, actually it is fossilized resin. Amber can be different in composition, but mostly includes resin soluble alcohol, chloroform and ether. Amber is created by once living entities such as trees and other types of flora.
Amber gradually forms and hardens over many millions of years. In fact, most of today’s Amber is from 30 to 90 millions old. Amber’s scientific formula is written as C10H16O, incorporating carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Amber can usually be found in all parts of the world where there was once flora living millions of years ago. Amber in general has its biggest depositories in the Baltic region. Baltic Amber is found all along the Baltic and North seas from the north of Germany to Sambia, which is now part of Russia.
Most Amber comes from the sea floor which is released once waves and other marine forces crash upon it. Amber can be picked up from the shore line and can be fished for. Many people fish for Amber using long poles and special nets. Usually the Amber that has washed up along shore is dull and dirty and must be polished. The reason for its dullness is that Amber usually rolls in the sand for long periods of time before it is eventually removed.
Commercial divers are also employed to mine certain areas of the sea floor and recover Amber from deep waters. Years ago dredging took place on certain parts of the sea in order to maximize the Amber that was either loose or still part of the sea bed. Mines are also used to dig deep into the sea crust, however usually special gallery’s are created instead of deep open holes.