Diamonds are made from pure carbon which has been under great pressure and heat. Most Diamonds that are available for purchase today have been created over millions of years, hundreds of miles deep in the earth’s crust. Diamonds have moved to the surface of the earth throughout the eons usually by lava flows. Diamonds come in a variety of different colors, shapes and sizes and for those that find Diamonds mesmerizing you can easily find the Diamond that fits you best.
Diamonds come in a variety of colors, while the most popular commercial Diamonds are clear, Diamonds can come in colors such as blue, canary yellow, red, brown and black. You can even create a Diamond that is green by treating it. Clear Diamonds are usually made from carbon; however other colors do contain trace elements. For instance, a blue Diamond which is perhaps the rarest of all Diamonds has traces of the element Borate.
Usually clear Diamonds may have a tinge of yellow in them. The more yellow Diamonds possess the less valuable they are commercially.
Diamonds usually come in many sizes, but usually only occur at a few carats at the most. While record setting Diamonds can weigh over 100 carats or more, typical Diamonds are usually from about 1/32 carats to about 2 to 4 carats in weight.
Diamonds can be cut and polished to almost any shape. However, it should be noted that there are specific ways to cut a Diamond in order to enhance the sparkle or fire of the Diamond. Most Diamonds are cut either as a round cut, marquis cut, square or cushioned cut and even pear cut.