Agate Chrysocolla Hematite Moissanite Pearl Tanzanite Brilliance Fluorescence
Alexandrite Chrysoprase Iolite Moonstone Pyrite Tigerís Eye Carat Hardness Inc
Amber Citrine Ivory Mother Pearl Quartz Topaz Clarity Stability
Amethyst Coral Jade Mystic Topaz Rubies Tourmaline Color Inclusion
Ametrine Diamond Jasper Obsidian Sapphire Turquoise Cut Toughness
Aquamarine Emerald Kunzite Onyx Spinel Yellow Topaz Durability
Blue Topaz Feldspar Malachite Opal Star Sapphire Zircon Facet
Cats Eye Garnet Marcasite Peridot Sugilite  

History and origin of the Sapphire

One of the more beautiful gemstones found throughout the world are Sapphires. Sapphires are truly for color lovers.  Sapphires come in many different types of colors from colorless to yellow, orange, to blue.  Sapphires are from the mineral Corundum; this mineral is one of the strongest and hardest on earth and is perfect for making high quality jewelry pieces.

Sapphire is perhaps one of the oldest known gemstones.  It was revered by kings and queens from the beginning of time.  Sapphire comes from Latin word sapphirus.  It is the word for blue.  Besides Sapphire, Corundum is also responsible for another highly valued gemstone- the ruby. The ruby is the same mineral element as Sapphire; the only difference being is that it either comes in a beautiful deep red or a pinkish red.  The ruby has the privilege of its own name and up until the early 1800’s, it wasn’t known that both Rubies and Sapphires were made from the same mineral.

Sapphires are made from aluminum and can include many other small particles such as titanium and chromium.  Even iron can be present in Sapphires.  These elements help to make what is called color centers, or the part of the mineral that gives off beautiful colors.  It should be noted that color centers are not fully understand, however, the color of a Sapphire can be changed usually by irradiation (with the help of extreme heat or other types of radiation).  But you don’t have to worry; Sapphires are usually stable and usually won’t be effected by normal day to day wear and tear.

What are Sapphires used for?

Sapphires are one of the most beautiful gemstones in the world; the variety of colors found makes Sapphires very popular.  Sapphires are from the mineral Corundum, this mineral is extremely hard, second only to diamonds making Corundum and the gemstone Sapphire an extremely attractive substance for ornamental jewelry.

For the most part Sapphires are only used for high quality jewelry pieces, however colorless Corundum has many industrial applications.  One of them is as an abrasive.  Many times Corundum is used to make emery boards for filing down finger and toe nails; however it used in other much more technical industrial applications.

Sapphires are adored by millions for their beautiful colors.  One of the most popular colors is its blues.  Sapphires can produce some of the bluest hues in the world and it should be noted that Sapphires come from the Latin word sapphires which means blue.  Besides the color blue, Sapphire comes in orange, yellow, colorless, green, purple, violet, black, etc.  It should be noted that while the mineral Corundum does come in red or pinkish red, this color has a special gemstone name, it’s called the Ruby.

Sapphires are large crystal structures and have great refractive qualities.  Many times a good cut Sapphire will have lots of fire or even a star effect.  The higher the fire, the more valuable the gemstone is.  Today, Sapphire is used to make an assorted variety of high quality jewelry. Usually from beautiful rings, earrings, bracelets, charms, brooches, etc can be found with attractive Sapphire.

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