Agate Chrysocolla Hematite Moissanite Pearl Tanzanite Brilliance Fluorescence
Alexandrite Chrysoprase Iolite Moonstone Pyrite Tigerís Eye Carat Hardness Inc
Amber Citrine Ivory Mother Pearl Quartz Topaz Clarity Stability
Amethyst Coral Jade Mystic Topaz Rubies Tourmaline Color Inclusion
Ametrine Diamond Jasper Obsidian Sapphire Turquoise Cut Toughness
Aquamarine Emerald Kunzite Onyx Spinel Yellow Topaz Durability
Blue Topaz Feldspar Malachite Opal Star Sapphire Zircon Facet
Cats Eye Garnet Marcasite Peridot Sugilite  

The history and origin of Turquoise

One of the most popular stones throughout the ages has been Turquoise.  Although Turquoise has been around for thousands upon thousands of years (known to man since at least 6,000 BC), it is still very popular and always seems to be in fashion.

Turquoise was a favorite stone of the Ancient world, primarily Ancient Egypt and Persia.  The ancient Egyptians used the stone for its protective qualities and thought that it would protect one from doom and an untimely death.  It was also thought to make one less vulnerable and was aptly placed on swords, turbans and knives.

The word Turquoise is a French word that means stone from Turkey.  It seems incredible, but Turquoise was unknown to the Europeans up until the crusades – hence the name.

Turquoise is known for its beautiful hue of blue.  The finest colored Turquoise are usually sky blue, however turquoise does come with some green in it.  Turquoise can even be greenish- grey.  Turquoise is considered an aluminum phosphate and it should be noted that its beautiful blue hues come from the element of copper.  Greens in Turquoise are usually from the element iron.  While it does come in crystal form, they are extremely rare.  You will most likely find Turquoise as a grainy opaque stone that is cryptocrystalline.

Turquoise makes excellent looking jewelry, however it is usually treated to protect the stone.  Wax or a clear resin normally covers the stone to protect it.  However, Turquoise can be enhanced either with coloring or reconstituted from Turquoise dust.  While clear resin or wax will not reduce the price, color enhancements, will greatly reduce the value of the stone.


What is Turquoise used for?

Turquoise is one of the oldest gemstones known to man.  It was very popular during the days of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Persia and amazingly is still extremely popular today.  This fact, states something about the timeless beauty of Turquoise, its warm blue hues are irresistible to no matter what period of time we live in.  Turquoise is mainly used today as ornamental jewelry, however in the past it was associated with a long list of magical and mystical qualities.

Turquoise is an aluminum phosphate and while it can come in crystal form, is usually overwhelmingly opaque and grainy in nature (cryptocrystalline).  Turquoise comes in a variety of colors, however it’s most amazing and most valuable color is that of sky blue.  Turquoise can be bluish green or even greenish- grey.  Generally speaking, the more green seen in the gemstone, the less valuable it is.  In addition to the color, there are sometimes veins or blotches that run through the gemstone. This is usually called the Turquoise Matrix, a wonderful Turquoise Matrix will enhance the beauty of the stone making it more valuable.

Today, Turquoise is made into a variety of ornamental jewelry, mainly in cabochons or beads.  In the past, it was adored for its beauty, but also for its magical and mystical properties.  For instance, it was said by the Ancient Egyptians to ward off untimely, unnatural death.  It was also said to make one invulnerable and placed on body armor, turbans, swords and knives.  It was also good for marital fidelity and made one emotionally stable.  Even today, many people wear Turquoise as a talisman to ward of evil, it is seen many times worn by individuals that are employed in risky or dangerous professions.

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